|id||Opus Dei: Quick ideas about Opus Dei. What is opus dei? Brief history of opus dei. Comments by the Popes on Saint Josemaria and Opus Dei.|
A. WHAT IS OPUS DEI?
1. What is the meaning of Opus Dei? Opus Dei stands for the Work of God in Latin.
2. What is Opus Dei? Several definitions could be given:
4. In what countries could Opus Dei be found? In the whole American continent and in many countries of Europe, Australia, New Zealand and in many countries of Asia and Africa (for instance in Japan, the Philippines, India, Kazakhistan, Kenya, Nigeria, Congo, Cameroon, etc.). www.opusdei.org
5. Who could be part of Opus Dei? All human beings who have received a spiritual vocation to belong to it; a call from God to seek sanctity in ordinary work, and to foster in other people that encounter with the Lord in daily life.
6. How can a person know that has that vocation? A vocation is a great divine gift. In order to discover it prayer is needed, asking God His Will. To know the opinion of Opus Dei directors is needed, because they logically know the characteristics of the vocation to the Work and could help deciding whether or not a person has a vocation.
Opus Dei's History, like that of any other Christian institution, the main thing is divine activity in the interior life of people. But that is difficult to show in brief lines because they are spiritual things. If we focus more in external aspects, Opus Dei's History could be summarized as follows:
Beginnings of Opus Dei
1928 . . . Foundation. October 2, in Madrid , God Our Father showed Opus Dei to Saint Josemaria Escrivá.
1933 . . . The first center of Opus Dei is opened: DYA academy which soon became the first college student residence.
1941 . . . The Bishop of Madrid, Monsignor Leopoldo Eijo y Garay, who knows and blesses Opus Dei from its beginnings, grants the first diocesan approval of Opus Dei. Three years later he ordains the first priests of Opus Dei: Monsignor Álvaro del Portillo D. Jose Mª Hernández Garnica and D. Jose Luis Muzquiz.
1947 . . . The Holy See grants the first Pontifical approval. The previous year Saint Josemaria moves his residence to Rome.
1950 . . . Pius XII grants the final approval to Opus Dei.
Opus Dei's expansion
Opus Dei is born in Spain, but with a universal vocation. When Second World War allowed it, Opus Dei started its development in other countries:
1946-47 . . . Opus Dei starts in Europe : Portugal, Italy, Great Britain, France, Ireland.
Maturity of Opus Dei
1969 . . . Saint Josemaria Escrivá sets up an extraordinary Congress of Opus Dei in order to to study the approval as a Personal Prelature, a canonical figure which was introduced by Vatican II.
1975 . . . Saint Josemaria Escrivá dies in Rome. At that time there were 60.000 members. Monsignor Alvaro del Portillo is his successor.
1982 . . . John Paul II erects Opus Dei as a Personal Prelature.
2002 . . . John Paul II canonizes Saint Josemaría Escrivá, so in that way he becomes part of the saints of the Catholic Church. At that time there were 84.000 members of Opus Dei.
John Paul II
“With supernatural intuition, Blessed Josemaria preached untiringly the universal call to holiness and to apostolate. (...) In a society where the unbridled craving for material things becomes man’s sole object, causing him to draw away from God, the new Blessed reminds us that these same realities, God’s creation and fruits of human industry, if used rightly for the glory of the Creator and in service of one's brothers and sisters, can be a way for men and women to meet Christ”. (May 17, 1992)
John Paul I
Text from the web of the Roman Catholic Church: www.vatican.va
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